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carsel & ayves


What we do

Carsel & Ayves Inc. provides a variety of consulting services to attorneys, jails, prisons, government agencies, and insurance carriers. We specialize in expert witness services in cases related to jail and prison litigation, and training for jails, prisons, and probation agencies on preventing in-custody suicides both in adult and juvenile facilities. Additionally, we provide project management services in jail and prison staffing analysis, cost/benefit analysis in expanding bed capacity, security audits, investigative services in conducting staff investigations, and incident reviews.


We provide expert witness services and consult on cases related to jail and prison
litigation. Subject matter expertise includes:

  • Jail and prison management
  • Inmate custody and management practices
  • Correctional policies and procedures
  • Inmate classification
  • In-custody death incidents
  • In-custody suicides
  • Homicides in jails and prisons
  • Use of force incidents
  • Excessive force
  • Inmate transportation
  • Emergency response in jails and prisons
  • Prison and jail riots
  • Prison gangs and gang management
  • Electronic monitoring and home arrest
  • Administrative after-action review
  • In-custody death investigation
  • Operational security procedures
  • Staff training (Click here for more info)
  • Restrictive housing/Administrative segregation
  • Inmate unit management
  • Negligence in hiring and retention in correctional facilities
  • Correctional staff discipline
  • Staff investigations
  • Correctional medical care and privatized medical services
  • PREA related issues
  • RLUIPA and religious rights of prisoners


  • “My firm retained Lenard on a jail death case. He is very knowledgeable on the topic of jail suicides and provided an expert report which considered all the facts and gave us a perspective that can only be given by someone who has excellent subject matter expertise.”
  • “We have asked Mr. Vare to provide Rule 26 reports on several deaths in custody cases. We have been very pleased with his work and the quality of his reports,”
  • “We hired Lenard Vare on a jail use of force case and he wrote a comprehensive report and proved to be an expert on jail management practices.”
  • “Mr. Vare does outstanding work. We defended a condition of confinement case. He has extensive hands-on experience in the field and provided a detailed, well-supported, and complete report. He understands the issues and is well-prepared and timely. Fees are reasonable and appropriate.”
  • “Our juvenile probation department was seeking an expert on in-custody suicides and we found Mr. Vare via an online search. He was able to provide our agency with suicide prevention training and we have had him as a trainer number of times. Because he has worked in the system and understands the day-to-day experiences of corrections staff, he is able to make the training interesting and relevant.”
  • “Mr. Vare conducted a department-wide training and helped train over 400 deputies at our jail on topics related to inmate management. A very skilled trainer who uses humor and real-life experiences in teaching his course. Would highly recommend it.”

about us

lenard vare - principal consultant

Lenard Vare has over 28 years of practical experience in inmate management in both jails and prisons. He was a senior warden in the state of Nevada for four years before serving as a jail administrator in the state of California for 10 years. After retiring from public service, he worked as the Chief Operations Officer over an international electronic monitoring company that provided treatment and day reporting centers to various sheriffs and probation agencies.

Lenard’s expertise is in inmate classification, program design, high-risk inmate transportation, crisis negotiations, organizational development, and training law enforcement and correctional personnel in topics related to inmate management. He has served as a criminal investigator and hostage/crisis negotiator, supervised fugitive recovery teams, conducted internal affairs investigations, and operated community-based correctional facilities.

Lenard has also served as a criminal justice faculty teaching courses at the undergraduate level at local colleges. He is a certified jail manager (CJM) and a certified project management professional (PMP). He holds a bachelor’s degree in criminal justice administration and a master’s degree in justice management. Lenard has been retained to provide assistance as a consultant and expert on jail and prison litigation in over 25 states across the U.S. He is the author of the book – Elephant Keepers: Reflections of a Prison Warden


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American Jail Association                                              https://www.americanjail.org/
American Correctional Association                             https://www.aca.org/
American Probation and Parole Association            https://www.appa-net.org/
National Institute of Corrections                                https://nicic.gov/
National Sheriffs’ Association                                     https://www.sheriffs.org/